The Basics of Fermented Rice
When rice is fermented, it can be used to make rice vinegar, or rice wine or rice wine vinegar. All of these can be used for many of the same dishes you cook, but they don’t produce the same flavour. Your food will taste different and have different characteristics depending on which one you use, so let’s compare them and find out the differences between rice vinegar vs rice wine vinegar.
The fermentation process is similar among all of these different rice liquids, but there are some factors that are different about them. The three liquids cannot be used interchangeably, and they are different from one another. Don’t make the mistake of thinking that rice wince, rice wine vinegar, and rice vinegar are three names for the same thing.
Table of Contents
What Is Rice Vinegar?
The Role of Fermentation in Rice Vinegar
Looking at rice wine vs rice vinegar, different parts of fermented rice are used to make these. For rice vinegar, you use the dregs from fermented rice. That is also the part known as the lees, and it is kind of like the leftover solid parts. Basically, anything that isn’t liquid is the dregs, and that is what’s used to make rice vinegar.
The Potency of Rice Vinegar
It’s a potent liquid that you don’t want to drink on its own, just like you would not drink white vinegar on its own. It needs to be diluted and is often used for cooking so that some of the potency is cooked out and watered down.
Alcohol Level in Rice Vinegar
Once these dregs are prepared into vinegar, then all the alcohol has disappeared out of them. You don’t have to worry about there being any alcohol content left in rice vinegar and making anyone drunk who eats the food. So, when we compare rice vinegar vs rice wine, the main difference in the characteristic is the alcohol level. That’s primarily why you would use one or the other.
Acidity Level of Rice Vinegar
This is a vinegar that has a low acidity level, making it milder than western vinegars. If you find the white vinegar is too strong for your liking and you want something that isn’t as strong, then rice vinegar may do the trick. Looking at white vinegar vs rice vinegar, there is a definite difference in how strong one is compared to the rother. The Asian or rice vinegar will always be milder and not have quite as potent a flavour or smell.
Homemade White Rice Vinegar
- 2 cups of white rice
- 4 cups of distilled water
- 1 cup of raw organic sugar
- 1 piece of "Mother of Vinegar" or white vinegar with "The Mother"
- Cook the white rice according to the instructions on the package. Once cooked, allow it to cool to room temperature.
- Once the rice is cool, combine it with distilled water in a large, clean jar. Stir well to mix.
- Add the raw organic sugar to the jar, stirring until the sugar is fully dissolved.
- Finally, add the "Mother of Vinegar" or a bit of white vinegar with "The Mother" to the jar. This acts as a starter culture for the fermentation process.
- Cover the jar with a cheesecloth or breathable fabric and secure it with a rubber band. This prevents insects and debris from entering the jar, but allows air in for the necessary fermentation.
- Store the jar in a cool, dark place for about 2-4 weeks. Stir the mixture once every few days with a clean spoon.
- After 2-4 weeks, taste the vinegar. If it has the desired sourness, strain out the solids and store the vinegar in a clean, airtight bottle or jar. If it's not sour enough, allow it to ferment for another week and taste it again.
What Is Rice Wine?
Making Rice Wine
Rice wine goes through a fermentation process as well. It is made from glutinous rice that has been freshly steamed to make the best rice wine. This is a wine with a low alcohol content, compared to other kinds of wines, like those made from barley hops. It’s also low in alcohol content compared to most beers.
Common Types of Rice Wine
A common kind of rice wine you may have heard of is sake, which is very popular throughout Japan and other Asian countries.
Mirin is a common rice wine as well, and comparing rice wine vinegar vs mirin, the difference is in the vinegar content. They both contain alcohol, but you use them for different purposes. You can use the words mirin and rice wine interchangeably, as mirin is simply a kind of rice wine.
Usage of Rice Wine
Rice wine is used to make dishes sweeter, and it may be added to stir fry, veggies, and soups. Sherry is used as a substitute in many western parts of the world, as it is more readily available and more popular. It is very similar to rice wine as well. If you are comparing mirin vs rice wine vinegar, you will find that they are very different in their flavours. The rice wine vinegar will heighten the flavour of a dish, whereas the mirin or rice wine will sweeten it. These cannot be used interchangeably since they both alter the profile of a dish considerably and in different ways.
What Is Rice Wine Vinegar?
Alcohol Content in Rice Wine Vinegar
This type of vinegar retains it alcohol content. Pay close attention to what you are buying and what it is titled. There are subtle differences between all three of these, and your food will turn out different based on whether you are using rice wine vinegar vs white wine vinegar, or rice wine vs rice wine vinegar. Pay close attention to what the recipe calls for that you are using. You could end up severely altering the flavour of the food and making it not quite taste right if you use the wrong ingredient.
Creation Process of Rice Wine Vinegar
Rice wine vinegar is made by fermenting the starch from rice using Mother of Vinegar. This creates something that is a cross between rice wine and rice vinegar. You get all the perkiness and flavour intensity of a vinegar with the alcohol content and sweetness of rice wine.
Comparing Rice Wine Vinegar and Rice Vinegar
So this vinegar is a bit sweeter than regular rice vinegar. Comparing rice wine vinegar vs rice vinegar, you can use these on the same dishes, but you get different flavour results. Your rice wine vinegar will make the food sweeter than the plain rice vinegar will. After the fermentation process, some rice wine is added, and this sweetens up the end product even more. The effect this has on the vinegar is that it turns the sugar into alcohol and then into an acid called acetic acid.
Key Differences and Similarities
Understanding the Misconceptions
Many people will use the terms rice vinegar and rice wine vinegar interchangeably, but as you can see but the way they are fermented and processed, that isn’t the right way to classify them. They are not the same thing, and you’ll get a different flavour in whatever dish you are making when using rice wine vinegar vs rice wine.
Comparing with Red Wine Vinegar
You also don’t want to mix the rice vinegar and rice wine vinegar up with red wine vinegar. The flavour profile is a bit different with that one too. When we look at rice wine vinegar vs red wine vinegar, the red wine vinegar will be more acidic and taste a bit different. The red wine vinegar is closer to traditional vinegar like white vinegar. It does retain its alcoholic content, though. Anytime vinegar has the word “wine” in it, it will have some alcohol.
The Importance of Making Informed Choices
Now that you understand some of the difference, we hope you won’t confuse these and won’t feel the need to use them interchangeably. Understanding the differences between the different kinds of wines and vinegar help you to make more suitable choices for whatever you are cooking and ensures that you don’t make a mistake when buying ingredients from the grocery.
What is vinegar best used for?
Vinegar is versatile, used in cooking for its tart flavor, in cleaning for its disinfectant properties, and in gardening as a natural herbicide. It’s also used in health remedies, though evidence varies.
Is white vinegar good for you?
White vinegar has potential health benefits, including aiding digestion, controlling blood sugar levels, and acting as an antimicrobial. However, it should be used in moderation due to its acidity.
Can I drink vinegar?
Yes, you can drink vinegar, often as part of a vinegar-based drink or diluted with water. However, due to its high acidity, it should always be consumed in moderation and never undiluted.
Why do people clean with vinegar?
Vinegar is a natural and inexpensive cleaner due to its acidity, which helps break down dirt, grime, and bacteria. It’s safe for many surfaces, but should not be used on natural stone or certain electronics.
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